Hybrid Driving-Flying Robots
Introduction to Robots
The term robot scientifically means a machine that is usually programmable and can act and perform tasks on its own. Often, robots have some characteristics that are somewhat similar to humans, especially the robotic arms, which can move similar to a human arm and how it moves and acts. Robots are machines that heavily affect our modern lives and due to their efficiency and accuracy, we use them for various purposes. However, a robot is a wide and vast category because there are many types of robots, and these robots could range from Robotic Arms, Flying Drones, Human-like Robots, Driving Robots… with each type being used for certain tasks and applications. No matter how different robots can be, they are almost always made out of general components that define their uses. They are mostly composed of motors, wires, power supply, a CPU (usually a programmable Arduino Card), sensors and other such as wheels. Due to the rapid increase of usage of robots and the overwhelming benefits that companies have gained from using these machines, modern designers and engineers have come up with a relatively new type of robots, the hybrid driving-flying robots.
Introduction to Driving-Flying Robots
A hybrid driving-flying robot is a new term, at least for most people. As its name indicates, a hybrid driving-flying robot is a robot that can do both the driving on land as well as flying. You may be thinking that this new type of robot is basically an automated flying jet. No! that is not the case. A driving-flying robot can drive on land similar to a car but can also fly at will without having to waste time in order to elevate to the sky. Think of it as a regular drone that does not take much to fly, however, it can also drive on land. The design of the hybrid driving-flying robot is different from one robot to another; however, most of them are similar to a quadrupole drone attached with multiple motors and wheels with a much larger battery.
Applications of Hybrid Driving-Flying Robots
Applications for Robots
Robots, in general, can be used in various fields and domains such as:
- Medical field: Robots especially surgical robotic arms can be used to perform surgeries and delicate operations that require high precision.
- Industrial Field: Robots are widely implemented and used in various automobile and aeronautic companies. Industrial robots can be used to assemble cars or to cast and mold parts (which can be dangerous for a human worker) Robotic arms can also be used to perform welding thanks to their high precision.
- Restaurants: Robots can be used in restaurants to deliver food to the customers.
This can be extremely helpful if the place is packed.
Applications for Hybrid Driving-Flying Robots
As stated before, hybrid driving-flying robots are designed to perform both tasks that a driving robot and a flying robot can do. This dual feature gives them a better potential for a wide range of applications including the followings:
- Oil and Pipeline Inspection: Due to the fact that the hybrid-robots can fly, they can be used to inspect large fields and complicated networks of pipelines which is almost impossible to do with only human workers. On top of that, hybrid robots can descend from the sky to drive on land to take a closer look at the health and state of the pipes.
- Delivery Services: Hybrid robots can be used to deliver different whether that be food or good. If the delivery destination is far, the robot can reach it by flying and if not, then driving there would be a better option.
- Emergency and Health Purposes: Hybrid robots can fly towards an injured person (using technologies such as GPS to detect the location), descend from the sky, and offer the emergency kit to the injured until an ambulance arrives. Hybrid robots can also drive on land to detect injured people that might be hidden under fallen buildings in case of a disaster.
- Space Exploration: Due to the fact that hybrid robots can both drive and fly, they can be used for exploring and scanning the surface of planets like Mars. Their flying feature can be used to take areal and global pictures of the plant and their driving capability can be used to take land pictures of specific areas.
Benefits and Drawbacks of using Hybrid Driving-Flying Robots
Advantages of Using Hybrid Driving-Flying Robots
Hybrid driving-flying robots can bring many advantages to the table such as:
- Being Flexible: Having the ability to both drive and fly makes hybrid robots extremely flexible. For example, in case the weather is extremely windy, these robots can still be used but instead of flying they just simply drive.
- Better Options: In case something goes wrong with the wheels and they get damaged or the motors responsible for rotating the wheels’ malfunction, a hybrid robot can still be functional by simply flying.
Disadvantages of using Hybrid Driving-Flying Robots
While hybrid robots seem to have a lot of advantages, this does not make them immune to drawbacks:
- Battery life: The fact that hybrid robots require more motors and other equipment like wheels makes them a lot heavier than a regular drone and this makes the battery life significantly reduced. Of course, this can be optimized by using lighter materials in the design phase.
- Price and Cost: Similar to any new technology, it is most likely that an average person will not be able to afford to purchase a hybrid driving-flying robot.
In conclusion, hybrid driving-flying robots are regarded as a major advancement in the robot field and that they will open the doors for more opportunities which can make the world, in general, a better place; however, there is still a long way to go.