1) Product design
Designing a product is much more complicated than what people usually think, as people think is designing and manufacturing are the same thing when in reality it is not true, they are not the same thing. Designing something is a combination of tasks and efforts that will lead to a product that will satisfy the user and consumer. Usually, the group that is supposed to design a product is composed if engineering team, testing team, information gathering team etc.… and they work together in coherence and hopefully with good communication, the final goal of designing will be achieved. Which is producing a product that satisfies and meets the expectation and demands of the clients and consumers.
Steps to design a product
As stated earlier, designing a product is not one simple task but it is the combination of certain steps with the help of the combined effort of various different teams that are working together.
- The first step in designing something is simply the gathering of information, this includes the demands of the customers, their need, what is missing in the market, how to make certain products better etc.…
The next step is to use the gathered information and start the process of designing the product with the aid of both designing and engineering teams using Computer-aided design (CAD) software.
- The third step is to manufacture a prototype which will soon be tested by either the testing team or just interested users and customers.
- The fourth step is applying changes to the product and retest it again until the results are satisfying.
2) Product design terms
The design is a term that is associated with other terms, so what are these terms that are related to designing a product?
- CAD: CAD is a term that refers to the computer-aided design and it is the use of computers in order to design a product. CAD can be divided into two categories: 2 Dimensional CAD which is the producing of flat drawing, in 2D CAD the designer uses basic shapes such as lines, circles, rectangles in order to design the product. 3 dimensional CAD which is a more advanced form of the 2D Cad, in the 3D CAD the designer uses tools that will allow him to obtain realistic 3D images.
- Assembly: the term assembly is used a lot in design, it is the collecting of related elements and components that have interconnections. These parts when they are joined together form an assembly.
BOM: BOM stands for Bill of materials, and what this bill is a table that contains the parts and equipment necessary to create the assembly. This list also contains the quantity and sometimes the prices of each component and part.
- CNC: Computer numerical control also known as CNC is the automation of machine tools by computer systems. The manufacturing and designing of a product using a CNC machine are highly automated, even the dimensions are defined using a CAD software.
- Component: a component is a part of an assembly.
- Commercialization: after a product is designed and manufactured it is time for it to be introduced to the marker, this cycle or process is called commercialization.
- Concept design: concept design is a bit tricky, as most people can’t tell the difference between concept and design, a concept design is an early stage of designing, it is simply the creating of the overall shape of the product, even though not all aspects are resolved.
- Design Thinking: designers have an interesting way of looking at problems. This approach is called design thinking, and it is very efficient to use this approach in order to find solutions.
- Detail design: detail design is another famous term that is used by designer all over the world. It is the documenting of all aspects of the design in full accuracy.
- Eco-design: eco-design, also known as green design, is the designing of a product all while taking the environment in considerations.
- E: EE stands of electrical engineering which is one of the many disciplines of engineering. Electrical engineering itself has a lot of subfields such as digital computers and computer engineering.
- Ergonomics: is the designing of a product all while taking the safety and the comfortable use of the product in consideration.
- Mold: a mold is a hollowed block that is used in molding in order to create for example a plastic product. Some mold may require another mold in order to be created.
- Aesthetics: aesthetics is a term that is related to beauty and looks. Some products are supposed to be used as a décor, designers should take looks and aesthetics into consideration while designing this certain product.
- Prototype: a prototype is an early version of the product, there are plenty of types of prototypes with each prototype their own task and use. Prototypes can be used for testing. After the designer finishes designing the product, they should first create a prototype that will be tested by users or a testing team. There are other prototypes that are used for demonstrating purposes, they are used in order to teach the clients how the final product will perform and how it will look like more or less.
- Human factor: human factors usually refer to the limitation and challenges of the human worker.
- Iteration: the term iteration refers to the process of creating a product, testing, recreating it retesting it until the final result is satisfying.
These are only a few of the so many terms that are associated with designing and manufacturing a product.
In conclusion, there are plenty of terms and words that are related and connected with product design, and it is very important to know these terms because they are constantly being used by thousands of designer all over the globe.